US Green Card: How to help Parents get a Green Card

To help a parent get a green card, the eligibility requirements are generally very simple. As the son or daughter who wants to petition a parent, you must be a U.S. citizen and at least 21 years old. Although it gets a bit more complicated, this privilege also extends to certain step and adopted sons and daughters.
What’s more, immigration law defines parents of U.S. citizens as immediate relatives. Therefore, parents get priority as compared to other preference-based family relationships. There is no numerical limit on immigrant visas for immediate relatives. In other words, there isn’t the long wait associated with other categories when you help your mother or father obtain permanent residence in the United States. The process begins by filing a visa petition for your mother or father. Unfortunately, permanent residents cannot petition a parent for a green card. The best solution is for the permanent resident to naturalize as a U.S. citizen and then submit a petition for the parent.

How to Begin the Process
Step 1:    File Form I-130 for each parent
–    A separate application is required for each parent you are sponsoring.
–     Submit green card immigration petition filing fee of $420 USD.
–    Depending on the applicable USCIS service center workload, it may take 3 months or more.
Note
If parents are outside USA, and the I-130 is approved, your parents will be informed and required to attend the green card interview at the applicable nearest US consulate in their home country. Interview needs to be scheduled and may require a medical exam. Parents need to pay the fee and attend the interview. If everything goes well, they will be granted immigration visa (green card). Upon arriving in USA, they will get the stamp at the port of entry (POE) by an immigration officer, and in few days, they will receive the plastic green card delivered to their US mailing address.

If parents are already present in USA, you can file immigration petition I-130 and Adjustment of Status (AOS), I-485, together.

Required Documents
If you are petitioning a mother, you will need to submit:
–    A copy of your birth certificate showing your name and your mother’s name
–    A copy of your Certificate of Naturalization or U.S. passport if you were not born in the United States

If you are petitioning a father, you will need to submit:
–    A copy of your birth certificate showing your name and the names of both parents
–    A copy of your Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship or U.S. passport if you were not born in the United States.
–     A copy of your parents’ civil marriage certificate

If you are petitioning a father and you were born out of wedlock and were not legitimated by your father before your 18th birthday, you will need to submit:
–    A copy of your birth certificate showing your name and your father’s name
–    A copy of your Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship or U.S. passport if you were not born in the United States
–    Evidence that an emotional or financial bond existed between you and your father before you were married or reached the age of 21, whichever came first.

If you are petitioning a father, and you were born out of wedlock and were legitimated by your father before your 18th birthday, you will need to submit:
–    A copy of your birth certificate showing your name and your father’s name
–    A copy of your Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship or U.S. passport if you were not born in the United States
–    Evidence that you were legitimated before your 18th birthday through the marriage of your natural parents, the laws of your state or country (of birth or residence), or the laws of your father’s state or country (of birth or residence)

If you are petitioning a step mother or step father, you will need to submit:
–    A copy of your birth certificate showing the names of your birth parents
–    A copy of the civil marriage certificate of your birth parent to your step-parent showing that the marriage occurred before your 18th birthday
–    A copy of any divorce decrees, death certificates, or annulment decrees to show that any previous marriage entered into by your natural or step-parent ended legally

If you are petitioning an adoptive parent, you will need to submit:
–    A copy of your birth certificate.
–    A copy of your Certificate of Naturalization or Citizenship if you were not born in the United States.
–    A certified copy of the adoption certificate showing that the adoption took place before your 16th birthday.
–    A statement showing the dates and places you have lived together with your parent.

If your parent’s name has changed, you should include proof of legal name change (like marriage certificate, divorce decree, adoption decree, court judgment of name change, etc.)

Step 2: Filling a Form G-325A
Form G-325A is to be filled by the applicant declaring all the biographical information. This will be used by USCIS to determine the eligibility for the immigration benefit for which the applicant is filing.
Download and fill out Form G-32A. There is no filing fee required.

Step 3: Complete Form I-864 Affidavit of support by sponsor (you) for your parents.
An affidavit of support (I-864) is required by the sponsor to affirm that the sponsor will support the beneficiary immigrant fully and that the sponsor has adequate means to financially support the new immigrant.
Form I-864 does not have a filing fee when filed with USCIS or abroad with Department of State (DOS).

The following fields should be completely filled to ensure acceptance of Form I-865 at lockbox facility.
–    Sponsor’s family name
–    Sponsor’s address
–    Sponsor’s Social Security Number
–    Sponsor’s signature

The new form has a 2D barcode technology to help collect the information fast and accurately. As the applicant completes the form electronically, the information is stored.
–    If the form is completed by hand, then black ink should be used.
–    If National Visa Center mails this form, then the instructions provided by them should be followed.

Step 4: Medical exam and Form I-693.
Form I-693 is used by all the applicants filing for Adjustment of Status to that of a lawful permanent resident. This form is used to report results of a medical examination to USCIS. There is no USCIS fee for this form, the doctor can charge up approximately $300+ for this service.
After completion of medical examination, the civil surgeon is required to give the applicant Form I-693 in a sealed envelope. USCIS will return the form if it is unsealed or tampered with in any way.

For more information you can follow the following links

https://www.alllaw.com/articles/nolo/us-immigration/how-to-get-green-card-for-your-parents-citizen.html

https://www.path2usa.com/sponsoring-green-card-for-parents

How to Help a Parent Get a Green Card

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